A wide and deep knowledge, shrewdness
and powers of deduction are all requirements for a master detective in
the criminal fiction of our time. In England, the most famous sleuth of
all times, Sherlock Holmes, was created by Sir Arthur Conan-Doyle.
Donning his deerstalker, pipe in hand,
Holmes threw on his cape and went forth into the fog-laden night in
search of clues. The cobblestone streets were lit only by the glow of
gaslight. Watchful eyes peered from the shadows. A horse drawn carriage
with wheels creaking passed by slowly. Suddenly there was movement in
the dark alley. The villain was surprised as the handcuffs snapped
closed about his wrists.
Later, louning in his club chair,
relaxed, wearing his smoking jacket and slippers, Holmes would relate to
his dear friend and companion, the good doctor’ how he had pieced
together the puzzle of the villainous deed by deductive reasoning. With
a twinkle in his eye, he would explain, But, it was elementary, my dear
Watson. Even today, in the dark of the night a shrill scream piercing
the air will bring Sherlock Holmes to the scene of the crime. When all
others are baffled, Holmes will raise his right eyebrow and nod his
head. He knows.